What is the main purpose of VictoriaMetrics?

To provide the best monitoring solution.

Who uses VictoriaMetrics?

See case studies.

Which features does VictoriaMetrics have?

See these docs.

How to start using VictoriaMetrics?

See these docs.

What is the difference between vmagent and Prometheus?

While both vmagent and Prometheus may scrape Prometheus targets (aka /metrics pages) according to the provided Prometheus-compatible scrape configs and send data to multiple remote storage systems, vmagent has the following additional features:

  • vmagent usually requires lower amounts of CPU, RAM and disk IO comparing to Prometheus when scraping big number of targets (more than 1000) or targets with big number of exposed metrics.
  • vmagent provides independent disk-backed buffers per each configured remote storage (aka -remoteWrite.url). This means that slow or temporarily unavailable storage doesn’t prevent from sending data to healthy storage in parallel. Prometheus uses a single shared buffer for all the configured remote storage systems (aka remote_write->url) with the hardcoded retention of 2 hours.
  • vmagent may accept, relabel and filter data obtained via multiple data ingestion protocols additionally to data scraped from Prometheus targets. I.e. it supports both pull and push protocols for data ingestion. See these docs for details.
  • vmagent may be used in different use cases:

Is it safe to enable remote write in Prometheus?

Yes. Prometheus continues writing data to local storage after enabling remote write, so all the existing local storage data and new data is available for querying via Prometheus as usual.

It is recommended using vmagent for scraping Prometheus targets and writing data to VictoriaMetrics.

How does VictoriaMetrics compare to other remote storage solutions for Prometheus such as M3 from Uber, Thanos, Cortex, etc.?

VictoriaMetrics is simpler, faster, more cost-effective and it provides MetricsQL query language based on PromQL. The simplicity is twofold:

  • It is simpler to configure and operate. There is no need in configuring sidecars, fighting gossip protocol or setting up third-party systems such as Consul, Cassandra, DynamoDB or Memcached.
  • VictoriaMetrics has simpler architecture. This means less bugs and more useful features in the long run comparing to competing TSDBs.

See comparing Thanos to VictoriaMetrics cluster and Remote Write Storage Wars talk from PromCon 2019.

VictoriaMetrics also uses less RAM than Thanos components.

What is the difference between VictoriaMetrics and Cortex?

VictoriaMetrics is similar to Cortex in the following aspects:

The main differences between Cortex and VictoriaMetrics:

  • Cortex re-uses Prometheus source code, while VictoriaMetrics is written from scratch.
  • Cortex heavily relies on third-party services such as Consul, Memcache, DynamoDB, BigTable, Cassandra, etc. This may increase operational complexity and reduce system reliability comparing to VictoriaMetrics’ case, which doesn’t use any external services. Compare Cortex Architecture to VictoriaMetrics architecture.
  • VictoriaMetrics provides production-ready single-node solution, which is much easier to setup and operate than Cortex cluster.
  • Cortex may lose up to 12 hours of recent data on Ingestor failure - see the corresponding docs. VictoriaMetrics may lose only a few seconds of recent data, which isn’t synced to persistent storage yet. See this article for details.
  • Cortex is usually slower and requires more CPU and RAM than VictoriaMetrics. See this talk from adidas at PromCon 2019 and other case studies.
  • VictoriaMetrics accepts data in multiple popular data ingestion protocols additionally to Prometheus remote_write protocol - InfluxDB, OpenTSDB, Graphite, CSV, JSON, native binary. See these docs for details.

What is the difference between VictoriaMetrics and Thanos?

  • Thanos re-uses Prometheus source code, while VictoriaMetrics is written from scratch.
  • VictoriaMetrics accepts data via standard remote_write API for Prometheus, while Thanos uses non-standard Sidecar, which must run alongside each Prometheus instance.
  • Thanos Sidecar requires disabling data compaction in Prometheus, which may hurt Prometheus performance and increase RAM usage. See these docs for more details.
  • Thanos stores data in object storage (Amazon S3 or Google GCS), while VictoriaMetrics stores data in block storage (GCP persistent disks, Amazon EBS or bare metal HDD). While object storage is usually less expensive, block storage provides much lower latencies and higher throughput. VictoriaMetrics works perfectly with HDD-based block storage - there is no need in using more expensive SSD or NVMe disks in most cases.
  • Thanos may lose up to 2 hours of recent data, which wasn’t uploaded yet to object storage. VictoriaMetrics may lose only a few seconds of recent data, which isn’t synced to persistent storage yet. See this article for details.
  • VictoriaMetrics provides production-ready single-node solution, which is much easier to setup and operate than Thanos components.
  • Thanos may be harder to setup and operate comparing to VictoriaMetrics, since it has more moving parts, which can be connected with less reliable networks. See this article for details.
  • Thanos is usually slower and requires more CPU and RAM than VictoriaMetrics. See this talk from adidas at PromCon 2019.
  • VictoriaMetrics accepts data in multiple popular data ingestion protocols additionally to Prometheus remote_write protocol - InfluxDB, OpenTSDB, Graphite, CSV, JSON, native binary. See these docs for details.

How does VictoriaMetrics compare to InfluxDB?

  • VictoriaMetrics requires 10x less RAM and it works faster.
  • VictoriaMetrics provides better query language than InfluxQL or Flux.
  • VictoriaMetrics accepts data in multiple popular data ingestion protocols additionally to InfluxDB - Prometheus remote_write, OpenTSDB, Graphite, CSV, JSON, native binary. See these docs for details.

How does VictoriaMetrics compare to TimescaleDB?

Does VictoriaMetrics use Prometheus technologies like other clustered TSDBs built on top of Prometheus such as Thanos or Cortex?

No. VictoriaMetrics core is written in Go from scratch by fasthttp author. The architecture is optimized for storing and querying large amounts of time series data with high cardinality. VictoriaMetrics storage uses certain ideas from ClickHouse. Special thanks to Alexey Milovidov.

Are there performance comparisons with other solutions?

Yes:

See also other articles about VictoriaMetrics.

What is the pricing for VictoriaMetrics?

The following versions are open source and free:

We provide commercial support for both versions. Contact us for the pricing.

The following commercial versions of VictoriaMetrics are planned:

  • Managed cluster in the Cloud.
  • SaaS version.

Contact us for more information on our plans.

Why VictoriaMetrics doesn’t support Prometheus remote read API?

Remote read API requires transferring all the raw data for all the requested metrics over the given time range. For instance, if a query covers 1000 metrics with 10K values each, then the remote read API had to return 1000*10K=10M metric values to Prometheus. This is slow and expensive. Prometheus remote read API isn’t intended for querying foreign data aka global query view. See this issue for details.

So just query VictoriaMetrics directly via Prometheus Querying API or via Prometheus datasource in Grafana.

Does VictoriaMetrics deduplicate data from Prometheus instances scraping the same targets (aka HA pairs)?

Yes. See these docs for details.

Does VictoriaMetrics support replication?

Yes. See these docs for details.

Where is the source code of VictoriaMetrics?

Source code for the following versions is available in the following places:

Does VictoriaMetrics fit for data from IoT sensors and industrial sensors?

VictoriaMetrics is able to handle data from hundreds of millions of IoT sensors and industrial sensors. It supports high cardinality data, perfectly scales up on a single node and scales horizontally to multiple nodes.

Where can I ask questions about VictoriaMetrics?

Questions about VictoriaMetrics can be asked via the following channels:

Where can I file bugs and feature requests regarding VictoriaMetrics?

File bugs and feature requests here.

Are you looking for investors?

Yes. Mail us if you are interested in.